How biogas contribute to a country’s economy


With a potential production capacity of 1,108 terawatt-hours, biogas is emerging as a promising renewable energy sector in India. The industry is labour-intensive and can offer both skilled and unskilled employment opportunities.

Employment opportunities have increased dramatically as a result of the phenomenal growth of the renewable energy sector globally. Statistics show that there are approximately 11.5 million jobs worldwide in the renewable energy industry. India ranks among the top ten nations in the world for renewable energy production. The nation is well-positioned to become a global leader in the sector thanks to innovative policy initiatives that actively promote renewable energy. Biogas is an emerging industry in the field of renewable energy that converts agricultural, industrial, animal, and municipal waste into energy. In addition to meeting the nation’s energy needs, it can aid in regulating greenhouse gas emissions, lowering pollution, and enhancing waste management. India estimates that it has a 1,108 TWh (Terawatt-hour) biogas production potential. The sector has a high demand for labour and can create jobs in both the skilled and unskilled categories.

The employment perspective.

BIOTECH INDIA production centre

The biogas industry is a small-scale, decentralised industry that relies on animal manure, agricultural waste, and other organic wastes to produce biomethane through the anaerobic digestion of organic wastes. Due to the need for labour for the various tasks involved in the collection of biomass, installation, operation, and maintenance of the biogas plants, production and procurement of biogas, conversion of biogas, and other operations in the bioenergy supply chain, the sector creates jobs and business opportunities in rural economies. Three main categories of jobs can be generated by the biogas sector. Direct employment in biogas projects is the first kind of employment, which includes all the labourers needed for crop production, building, operating, and maintaining the biogas plants, and transportation. The second category includes indirect jobs created in the economy as a result of investments in the biogas sector. The supporting industries, including those that produce equipment and offer services, account for the majority of indirect jobs. The biogas industry has the potential to provide induced employment in addition to direct and indirect employment. Increased revenue from both direct and indirect work possibilities may lead to an increase in demand for goods and services, which would then lead to new job openings. The amount of digested slurry is the same as the waste fed into a biogas plant, which is an added benefit. The slurry can be dried and marketed as excellent compost. Family-sized biogas facilities dominate India’s biogas industry. Over 4,120,000 biogas units exist in the nation, employing both semi-skilled and unskilled labour. The government’s emphasis on organic farming and renewable energy will advance the industry, which will result in a significant increase in the upcoming years. The SATAT (Sustainable Alternative Towards Affordable Transportation) scheme, which the Indian government introduced in 2018, aims to develop a sustainable ecosystem for compressed biogas generation from various biomass sources. The SATAT initiative aims to construct 5,000 substantial biogas facilities by 2025. These biogas plants are encouraged to be built by independent businesspeople. According to a more thorough analysis of the jobs that these biogas plants will generate, India will need about 55,000 skilled plant designers and site engineers, 200,000 semi- and low-skilled workers for construction projects, 10,000 highly skilled engineers to supervise administration, data monitoring, and other crucial operations, and 150,000 unskilled workers to perform standard plant operation and maintenance. SATAT is just one of the government’s initiatives to increase investment in biogas; others include Gobar-Dhan, the New National Biogas and Organic Manure Programme, the Biogas Power Generation (Off-Grid) and Thermal Energy Application Programme, the National Policy on Biofuels, and the Waste to Energy Programme. These programmes will help the country develop new industries and job opportunities.

Reduces consumption of fossil fuels.

Biogas is the best green alternative to fossil fuels. As you may be aware, the prices of fossil fuels such as petrol and LPG are currently skyrocketing. It is becoming increasingly difficult for comparatively poor families to catch up, resulting in a significant negative impact on a country’s economic growth. So, how can switching to biogas help a country’s GDP increase? The mining process for fossil fuels is extremely costly. An oil rig alone costs almost 20 million dollars. Drilling requires a significant amount of energy, which is an additional cost. Refining and processing raw crude oil is the costliest part of fossil fuel production. As the number of vehicles increases, so does the demand for fossil fuels, which results in a fuel crisis and price hike. Worse, these fossil fuels are not renewable, which means that once they’re gone, they’re gone! The drilling has been going on for centuries, and soon the fossil deposit might be fully consumed. It’s not practical to switch from fossil fuels all at once. What we need is an evolutionary change toward green energy. The production of green energies such as biogas is essentially free, with the exception of the initial investment. Only by replacing that expensive LP gas cylinder with a biogas plant can you save approximately 15,000 rupees; in addition, the slurry from the biogas plant can be used as excellent organic fertiliser, which will save you some money from buying chemical fertilisers. If properly processed, it can be used as motor fuel.

Other economic benefits

BIOTECH INDIA’s waste to energy projects
  • The expenses for waste management are cut down significantly
  • To strengthen rural areas’ resilience to fluctuations in commodity prices, develop new revenue streams.
  • can increase new revenue streams while lowering farm expenses for fertiliser and animal bedding.
  • Increases the soil fertility, thus agricultural growth.
  • Helps improve user living standards, thus reducing health risks.

In conclusion, the use of biogas plants might change the economic sector of a country significantly. It’s also important that authorities take initiatives to promote green energy production, such as biogas, on a large scale. Let’s work sustainably together for the development of a better future. We, BIOTECH INDIA, have been promoting the use of biogas plants for over three decades. Join our initiative to make the world a better place. Visit http://www.biotech-india.org

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Zero-Waste Home


Zero Waste Home promotes concepts and methods that result in a reduction in household waste generation. Living a zero-waste lifestyle not only helps to protect the environment but also improves health and saves money. India produces about 60 million metric tonnes of garbage per day, of which nearly 45 million metric tonnes, or 75%, are discarded in landfills untreated. Each day, Delhi and Mumbai together produce about 10 million metric tonnes of garbage. India will require 1,240 hectares of land, the size of a major city like Bengaluru, to dump the nation’s waste if we do not reduce waste generation. The most effective method is to remove trash from its source, which entails creating a zero-waste home. In this write-up, let us explore some methods to reduce waste generation.

Waste segregation

When you separate the dry and wet waste from your daily consumption, you are practising waste segregation. This will make it simple to recycle dry waste, and you can turn your wet waste into cooking fuel. It’s important to dispose of your waste safely because hazardous waste has the potential to harm your health over the long term. Additionally, waste segregation reduces the amount of waste that is dumped in landfills. When compared to dry waste, organic waste has far greater environmental and health impacts. Unsupervised organic waste presents a significant challenge. It produces nasty odours and helps rats, flies, bugs, and mosquitoes rapidly spread, which in turn spreads diseases. Methane, a gas that significantly contributes to global warming, is produced as organic waste decomposes. So segregating waste from the beginning could resolve these problems effectively. 

Treating organic waste

It’s important to remember that, contrary to popular belief, food waste disposed of in landfills simply rots and emits methane rather than composting. And in India, approximately 95% of all the food that is wasted ends up in landfills. I guess I don’t have to preach about the dangers of untreated organic waste. Composting is a fantastic way to cut down on the amount of waste we throw into landfills. Composting significantly lowers the amount of methane that is released into the atmosphere as a result of the organic waste that is dumped in our landfills. But the best way to process organic waste is a biogas plant. Biogas is a type of natural gas. It is produced through the process of “anaerobic digestion.” Anaerobic digestion, which recycles the organic material fed into the vessel and releases biogas, is used to create biogas from food waste. Additionally, the energy produced by the food waste processing, known as “biogas,” is separated from any other solid runoff (known as “digestate”) so that it can be used for sustainable living. In some landfills, natural settings, and even livestock manure processing plants, this anaerobic digestion process can occur naturally, but not to any appreciable degree that would significantly alter the environment. We must consider implementing more significant changes that will have a longer-term impact on that. Using anaerobic digestion to create biogas from food waste could be one of these methods. It’s an optimised, managed process that can significantly reduce your household’s contribution to landfills, as well as the amount of food waste you produce and even your energy costs! The slurry from a biogas plant is an excellent fertiliser that can be used in organic farming.

Keep plastic away.

Make an effort to replace synthetic and plastic products. Bring a paper bag with you when you go shopping. Purchase reusable kitchenware, such as glass or steel utensils and jars. Bring new alternatives into the house in place of the plastic spoons. Biodegradable products are promoted by a wide range of brands. Select these items.

E-waste disposal

When e-waste is buried, toxic compounds leak naturally from the metals inside, making it particularly dangerous. Therefore, it’s crucial to properly dispose of e-waste. Separate the broken electronics and do not throw them away with other trash. Try to return it to the manufacturer or dispose of it in the appropriate trash can. There are industries that create new gadgets by recycling old ones. So help them by rightfully recycling our e-waste.

Invest in long-lasting products.

Avoid purchasing products with a limited shelf life. They have a strong propensity to quickly become useless. Avoid purchasing items in oversized packets, and choose your products wisely based on their expiration dates. Make sure there are no food supplies in your home while you are away. Ensure that your shelves are kept tidy.

Avoid using single-use food and beverage containers and utensils.

Photo by Magda Ehlers on Pexels.com

Avoid using single-use coffee cups, disposable utensils, straws, and napkins whenever you can. Some establishments will even reduce the price of your coffee if you bring your own mug. Keep a plate, a bowl, and a reusable cup at your place of employment. Avoid using plastic straws altogether or invest in reusable metal ones. Keep in mind that many of these items are made of plastic and, after we have used them once, will be disposed of in a landfill. Anything we can do to cut back on our consumption of these products will have a significant impact.

Purchase used goods and donate your used ones

Before you buy something new, consider buying it used, which can save you a lot of money. That may entail purchasing used clothing from Goodwill, used furniture and repurposed building supplies from Habitat for Humanity’s ReStore, or looking for a bicycle deal on Craigslist. By buying used goods, you’ll not only prevent items from going to the landfill but also support regional charities.

To reduce packaging, go to your local farmers market and buy in bulk.

Shopping at a farmers’ market is a win-win situation. First off, you’ll get fresher ingredients than you might find at a big-box grocery store while also supporting regional farmers. Locally produced food doesn’t need to be transported as far or kept frozen while doing so. Local farmers frequently use less packaging, and many are delighted to receive your used egg cartons or milk bottles from the previous week. Shopping at stores that sell food in bulk can also significantly reduce packaging waste, but you’ll need to have your own containers on hand.

In conclusion, a zero-waste home can significantly accelerate the growth of a community. We hope you keep these tips in mind and join our journey toward a sustainable tomorrow. BIOTECH INDIA has been on this mission for nearly three decades. We promote the use of green energy such as biogas. Visit our website to learn more about it